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Granada is a very popular tourist destination in Spain due to its Islamic historical legacy. The Alhambra is a famous Moorish citadel and palace meaning literally "the red one". Originally called Calat Alhambra, or "the red fortress", it was constructed during the 14th century by the Emirate of Granade in Al-Andalus, in what is now the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
The interior is adorned with columns, muquarnas, and stalactite-like ceiling decorations. During the rule of Charles V portions were rebuilt in the Renaissance-style structure which was never completed. Philip V later Italianized the rooms and completed his palace in the middle of what had been the Moorish building. The Alhambra, through all of its restorations and alterations has maintained its original form, designed to reflect the very beauty of Paradise itself. It is made up of gardens, fountains, streams, a palace, and a mosque; all within an imposing fortress wall flanked by 13 massive towers.
Legend has it that the catacombs under the church were the site of the martyrdom of Saint Caecillius, the city's first bishop, and now its patron saint. Founded in the 17th century on the hill of Valparaiso outside the old city, the Abbey stands as a stoic site on the top of a green hill. On the 1st February of each year large crowds gather to celebrate the Fiesta of San Cecilio in an attempt to preserve the pious legend by which the city of Granada sought to redefine its historic identity, replacing its Moorish past with accounts of Christian origins.
Although the inscribed lead plaques and books recording Saint Caecilius's martyrdom, known as the Lead Books of Sacromonte were officially dismissed as forgeries, you can view them here along with other supposed relics and even the oven where he was believed to have been burned.
This stunning museum was built inside the Castril palace dating from the 16th century. No where else will you find a collection of artifacts from so many diverse civilizations than here in Granada's Archaeological Museum. Featuring findings of the Carthaginians, the Phoenicians, the Romans, and the Arabs, all bundled into a magnificent Palace.
The features of the Palace include a one of a kind Renaissance Patio. Its façade dates to 1593. Located in the Albayzin district which was declared a world heritage site in 1984. This area retains its narrow and winding streets from Granada's Medieval Moorish past, and many tourists journey into the Albayzin primarily for the spectacular views of he Alhambra from the view point by the church of San Nicolas.Plan your day with ease in a cheap car rental from Granada, Spain and visit the original Moorish houses and wide-range of restaurants Albayzin has to offer. Perhaps you will be in the mood for North African fare? A cuisine available to you at the eateries around the Archaeological Museum of Granada.
Named after a famous poet from Granada, the Federico Garcia Lorca Granada-Jaén Airport, GRX, in Spain is conveniently located just 15 km west of Granada, and 100 km south of Jaén. Most of Granada Airport's traffic is domestic, however there are a handful of international routes to Liverpool, London, Bologna, and Milan. The city of Granada is at the confluence of three rivers: the Beiro, Darro, and Genil, at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains.
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